Irish Emigration Increases
Immigration at that time came mainly from Eastern Europe, but to a lesser extent also of returning Irish expatriates.
Now that the Irish housing boom has ended and turned into a slump, not only has net immigration stopped, it has turned into sizeable net emigration. Though net immigration from Eastern Europe has more or less ended, it is not the case that very many of these previous immigrants are returning. Most are staying in Ireland, though some seem to be moving on to other countries. Moreover, native Irish has started to emigrate in large numbers, mainly to other English speaking countries like the U.K., the U.S., Australia and Canada. As a result, net emigration rose to 34,400 in the year to April 2012, the equivalent of more than 2 million in net emigration for the U.S.
Note that the Irish population still increased somewhat because the Irish birth rate, though slowly decreasing, is still very high.